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Conflict Resolution: The Top 10 Strategies and Styles Explained

Conflict resolution strategies
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When different personalities collaborate to work, conflicts are bound to happen. Not all conflict need resolution strategies because they are sometimes suitable for the workplace! That’s true. Conflicts promote conversations and push for the best results. But some issues are necessary to spot and resolve. 

This article discusses various conflict resolution styles and strategies you must learn.

What Is Conflict Resolution?

Conflict resolution is an agreement between two or more people to agree on a solution (or agree to disagree) respectfully.

It is one of the most desired interpersonal skills, especially if you are in a leadership or managerial position. Conflict management is essential to prevent potential conflicts from turning into disputes.

With conflict resolution, you intend to:

To do so, you need to have the right skills and mindset. But even before that, most importantly, you need to decide if the conflict needs your intervention at all!

When Do You Need To Resolve A Conflict?

It is essential to identify if any intervention is needed between the involved people. For example, if team members disagree with one proposed solution because they have better ideas or sense any shortcomings, it is best to refrain from intervening. Why? Because it promotes a healthy discussion and is beneficial for the whole project.

But it would be best if you watch out for these signs before conflicts become toxic:

The Five Conflict Management Styles

The most common theory we apply in resolving conflict is based on the Thomas-Kilmann conflict resolution model. It is based on different levels an individual wants to satisfy their interests (assertiveness) and others’ concerns (cooperation). This model defines five approaches: Avoiding, Accommodating, Compromising, Competing, and Collaborating.


#1. Avoiding

This style focuses on not engaging in a conflict. Small, insignificant differences can be handled this way. For example, do not jump into any random heated conversation if it does not concern you.

It may be a good technique for short-term issues but will benefit little in long-running problems.

#2. Accommodating

This style focuses on understanding others’ points of view and adjusting your opinion to accommodate some requests. For example, going with the majority in case of disagreements instead of arguments.

It involves agreeing to disagreeing approach.

#3. Compromising

This style aims to find a middle ground where both the conflicting parties forfeit some of their needs to agree. It is also called the “lose-lose strategy.” For example, deciding on a solution proposed by one party and working on it according to approaches set by the other party.

It is quite an effective technique for solving many style-based and different personality-based conflicts.

#4. Collaborating

This is the best way to resolve most conflicts. It requires both assertiveness and cooperation from the involved conflicting parties. It is also called a “win-win strategy,” as it’s about finding the solution that makes everyone happy. For example, when merging two teams, you incorporate both teams’ best practices.

It is a great way to resolve long-term relationship-based conflicts.

#5. Competitive

This style means showing high assertiveness and no cooperation. There is a clear winner and a clear loser in this style. For example, when you don’t want to compromise on your work quality because of the short deadline as it affects your reputation.

This style is dominant where the issues are happening because of morals and ethics. It has an impact on relationships.

How To Choose The Right Conflict Management Method?

All these styles have their own pros and cons, and you should be bold in applying these techniques to resolve conflict in the workplace because they all can be effective in certain situations.

For example, if the issue is minor and the outcome is more important, accommodating the other party may be best rather than trying to serve your needs.

Here are some key factors to consider before choosing any method:

With this in mind, here are ten workplace conflict resolution strategies to match your style.

Conflict Resolution Strategies To Apply In The Workplace

Whether you want to avoid a conflict or compromise and dissolve the issues, these strategies are necessary to conclude.

#1. Active Listening

Allow everyone to speak their mind. Gathering all the inputs and facts before making any decision is vital. Active listening also builds trust that their point will not go unheard! For example: A co-worker expresses frustration about a task that they were assigned. You listen to their concerns and ask clarifying questions before offering solutions.

#2. Define Ground Rules

Clearly define the rules to the involved parties to not lose office environment integrity. For example: What language and tone are acceptable to describe the concerns? Use of “I” statement instead of “you” to avoid any blame game.

#3. Show Empathy While Listening

Try to see the situation from the other person’s perspective and understand their feelings. Show positive body language. This will encourage the involved parties to bring out all their emotions and explain clearly what they are feeling.

The more appropriately people can name their emotions, the lesser the severity of the emotion in their minds!

Surbhi Mahnot
Three facts about emotions – youtube shorts

#4. Focus On Finding The Root Cause

After listening to both parties, take time to investigate the case. Dig deeper and learn more about the happenings, involved parties, the issues, and how people feel. Furthermore, try finding any underlying conflict sources that may not be evident or noticeable initially. It’s always great to seek consensus from people not involved in the dispute to get complete details.

#5. Find The Right Place And Stay Neutral

When resolving conflict, it is crucial that all the involved people feel comfortable and safe to speak. Do not start such conversations randomly in a meeting room or on the office floor where other people can listen. For communication to happen honestly, ensure a private place with only the necessary people.  

#6. Don’t Intimidate. Focus On Tackling The Problem Instead Of The Person

Don’t abuse your position of authority. In the long run, to confide in you when something goes wrong, your team should feel confident to come and talk to you directly before the situation becomes beyond repairable.

#7. Use Persuasive Combinations

When resolving conflicts, it’s best to suggest to people what you would have done in this situation and what your experience says. This often means giving people a choice between two options or scenarios for consideration. Give them time to think together to reach the conclusion that you see. Remember not to confuse these negotiation skills with manipulation.

#8. Act Decisively And Find Common Grounds

Ensure that you conclude the conflict with both parties involved. Please do not leave it hanging. Be assertive while offering the proper guidance and what you feel about the situation. Also, for your decision to be effective, it is necessary to find common grounds where both parties feel involved and find it fair. 

#9. Bring In A Mediator If Needed

Prefer bringing any dedicated mediator or HR person to intervene if needed. Some organizations have a designated mediator, while some prefer to hire an independent, third-party professional mediator. Mediation is a viable option for creating a structure for conflict resolution in an unbiased manner.

#10. Follow Up

Monitoring how things are going once a conflict is resolved is necessary. There might be chances of people being dissatisfied with the agreed solution and not working the right way.


Conflict is unavoidable in the workplace, but these resolution strategies are always good for keeping it in check. The key to peaceful negotiation is understanding when to intervene and which style is needed to resolve the conflict.

Further Reading

Understanding the basics of emotional intelligence at work

Book References 

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